The third largest state in Malaysia is located in the central part of Malayan Peninsula and it is used as a crossroad for various Malaysian states.
Malacca is one of the smallest Malaysian states both by population and by the area that it covers. But the 820.000 people living there on an area of 1660 km2, doesn¡¯t make this state less important.
Malacca has a very rich history although it started as a small port and fishing village. The legend says that it was founded by Parameswara the last Raja of Singapore. Because of the good location it soon became a very important international port and soon Chinese started to settle here and the Malayans and Chinese started to make some royal bonds by marrying each other. In the 16th century it became a Portuguese colony and lots of battles took place in Malacca during that 16th century. In the 17th and 18th century it was part of the Dutch empire while in 19th and part of 20th century Malacca was a colony of Great Britain. So it is no wonder why there are still traces of colonial influence from the different European countries still present in Malacca. In 1963 Malacca finally became part of the independent state of Malaysia.
Today, 820.000 people live in Malacca and 63% of them are Malays, 25 % Chinese, 6% Indians and a small community of people with Portuguese ancestry called Kristang live here too. More than half of the population lives in the capital city ¨C Malacca city. There are few other cities here too which makes Malacca a very urban state.
Malacca is part of the World Heritage List (UNESCO) since 2008. The rich culture of this region can be seen on every corner. Many museums, historical sites, traditional cuisine and much more make this region very interesting.
For example Belacan is a shrimp paste produced in Malacca and consumed across Malaysia.
The Portuguese living in Malacca have their own customs that they have preserved since the days they have arrived here (in the 16th century). They have many religious and non religious festivals and dishes that became part of the Malacca cuisine.
Indians are very active community too. There is an important Sikh temple on Malacca that attracts believers from this state and from the neighboring states too.
Because of the rich history, Malacca has a lot of historical attractions worth visiting.
Fort A Famosa - Built by the Portuguese some 500 years ago this fort is now witnessing the turbulent history of Malacca. It was heavily damaged during the Dutch invasion in the 16th century. But soon after they've reconstructed it and what is interesting the cannons situated there were pointing to the mainland instead of the sea because the danger mainly come from the mainland.
St. Paul's church - The famous burial ground in Malacca that is now part of the Malaccan Museum Complex.
Christ Church - This church dates back from 18th century and it was built by the Dutch and it is known for the distinctive Dutch-style architecture.
Malacca Butterfly & Reptile Sanctuary - A place where you can see all the exotic butterflies and reptiles living in Malacca.
As you can see Malacca has a lot to offer and it is especially interesting for Europeans because they can feel close to their homes when they are in Malacca.